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Home arrow Top Blog Articles arrow Coffee Articles arrow Vietnam now ranks number 1 among coffee exporters in the world
Vietnam now ranks number 1 among coffee exporters in the world PDF Print E-mail
Written by c0ff33   
Mar 23, 2013 at 04:50 PM

HANOI, Aug. 11 (Xinhua) -- At the end of July this year, Vietnam has exported 1.2 million tons of coffee, worth 2.5 billion U.S. dollars, an increase of 31.6 percent in volume and 25.4 percent in value year-on-year, making the country the number one coffee exporter in the world.

According to the Association of Coffee and Cocoa of Vietnam ( VICOFA), due to the global and domestic economic downturn, coffee processors and consumers have diverted to Robusta coffee and this is where Vietnam has an advantage because it ranks top in the world in Robusta production.

In addition, major coffee growing countries, like Brazil and Colombia, are facing unfavorable weather conditions which negatively impacts coffee production in those countries.

During the January-July period, the disparity of Robusta coffee export price in Vietnam and other coffee exporters narrowed sharply, from 250-300 U.S. dollars down to only 30-50 U.S. dollars apart.

According to the Vietnamese Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD), coffee production in Vietnam has strongly developed since 1996 and to date it becomes the country's second largest agricultural export commodity.

Vietnamese coffee is now available in more than 80 countries and regions. The country has advantage in terms of the coffee export volume, although with cheaper export price compared with those from other countries.

Vietnam will soon harvest its 2012-2013 coffee crop. Currently, coffee price in Vietnam increased from 38,000 VND (19 U.S. dollars) in the beginning of the crop to 43,500 VND (over 20 U.S. dollars) per kilogram.

Data from VICOFA revealed that in the past three years, Vietnam ' s Arabica coffee export volume increased sharply, from 24,000 tons in 2009 to 50,000 tons in 2011. The export price also doubled from 2,313 U.S. dollars/ton in 2009 to 4,261 U.S. dollars/ton in 2011.

The export price disparity between Robusta and Arabica coffee is getting bigger. In 2011, Arabica export price reached 4,261 U.S. dollars per ton, against 2,099 U.S. dollars per ton for Robusta coffee.

MARD set a target to grow Arabica coffee on 40,000 hectares by 2020, accounting for 8 percent of the country's total coffee growing area.

However, local coffee exporters still face a lot of domestic and global challenges ahead.

According to VICOFA, the output of the coming coffee crop will decrease by 15 percent because many farms are re-planting their coffee plants. The country has now more than 120,000 hectares of land with stunted coffee plants.

Vietnam has released a master plan for coffee production up to the year 2020 and a vision up to 2030, under which total area for coffee growing will be maintained at 500,000 hectares by 2020, with an output of 2.4 tons per hectare, and 479,000 hectares with an output of 2.5 tons per hectare by 2030. At the end of 2011, the country had 571,000 hectares of land under coffee cultivation.

Total designed capacity of coffee processing is expected at 120, 000130,000 tons per year, reported the MARD.

To reach the target, domestic coffee producers and exporters would focus on diversifying their export products and at the same time meeting the demand for domestic consumption.

However, the biggest difficulty for coffee growers is access to loans with high interest rate.

In the world market, Vietnam's processed coffee products find it difficult to enter the developed countries, so the country mostly exports grain coffee with lower price.


Home roasters can enjoy their very own cup at home using Vietnam Green Coffee Beans in their favourite home coffee roaster - like the Gene Cafe coffee roaster.

Espresso machines have become more and more popular over the last decade. The first commercial espresso machines were built by Achille Gaggia in 1938. They work on the principle of hot water being forced over coffee under pressure to produce espresso coffee.The size and complexity of machines vary and consideration must be given before choosing the right system.


Smaller espresso machines have a single group head and low capacity boilers. Some of these single group machines have hand fill water tanks however most commercial espresso systems need a mains water supply. Single group espresso machines have a single steam wand for steaming and foaming milk and can produce either one or two cups of espresso coffee at any one time.


Commercial espresso machines have one, two, three or four group heads, one or two steam wands, hot water facilities and a cup warming areas. Choices of semi or fully automatic group heads are usually available however automatic group heads are the most popular. These automatic group heads allow the water doses to be pre-set providing a more constant product.


Each group head can produce one or two espresso coffees at a time.  Water boiler capacities vary and must be taken into consideration when selecting the right espresso machine. If high volumes of coffee or hot water are required high volume espresso machines with high capacity water boilers are necessary. It is also important to have the right power supply for the model selected.


Most high volume espresso machines need minimum 20 amp power supply. This allows the water boilers to recover quickly after water of steam has been drawn off. The most common espresso machines are two group machines. Usually they have two team wands allowing more than one operator to use the machine at any one time. A 10 litre boiler and a 20 amp power supply should be ample for most small to medium requirements.Three and four group espresso machines have larger water boilers and may need 30 amp or 3 phase power supplies.


The demand for espresso machines with high level group heads has increased due the growth of the takeaway coffee market. The requirement for large cup volumes and high volume demand has seen a growth for the more powerful espresso machines. Some of the most popular espresso machines manufactures include Wega, Gaggia, Brasilia, and Iberital. 


Wega espresso machines are now one of Italy’s largest machine manufacturers and produce high quality and innovative systems. Gaggia and Brasila espresso machines are also produced in Italy and have been popular for many years. Iberital espresso machines are produced in Spain. The high level group head models with high volume boilers are very popular in the takeaway market.


Smaller volume domestic espresso machines vary. It is very important to select the correct machine for your situation. Some smaller units do not have pressure boilers and struggle to produce both espresso coffee and steamed milk at the same time. Large espresso machines with pressure boilers are recommended particularly if more than one cup of coffee is required.